Photo: Katherine Romans

Special Purpose Districts, MUDs & WCIDs

Development oriented special purpose districts like MUDs & WCIDs are useful tools to meet infrastructure demands where there is no municipal authority in place. They provide needed framework for the governance, construction and maintenance of water utility infrastructure and roads. These districts are created legislatively or through a petition to the TCEQ and have broad authority to collect taxes and incur debt with limited accountability; however, the creation process is invisible and not open to the neighbors who will be affected by the new development.

The Texas Senate Research Center researched and published a Research Spotlight Paper titled Invisible Government: Special Purpose Districts in Texas that very thoroughly details all of the special purpose district varieties in the State of Texas from Arts & Entertainment Districts to Wind Erosion Districts.  The special purpose districts that govern water are discussed beginning on page nine.

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